Dr Kari Stefansson, one to the world’s leading experts in his field is conducting a study in Iceland to genetically sequence every coronavirus infection in the country. The research aims to find out how the virus mutates and infects.
His company deCODE Genetics, founded almost twenty-five years ago in Reykjavik, stores a massive database of more than half the Icelandic population’s genetic components.
The genetic material is studied to explore the genetic components of diseases. Now the focus is Covid-19.
Prof Stefansson said sequencing shows them where the infections originate from.
He said: “So the virus now has basically a barcode for every part of the world,
“There is a collection of mutation that is relatively characteristic for Austria, another for Italy as well as Great Britain and for the west coast of the United States etc.”
Prof Stefansson said that at first, almost all the cases were introduced in Iceland from the Alps, from people who had spent ski holidays in Austria and Italy.
The government tried to halt the spread of the virus from high risk countries.
He explained: “But as they were doing this, the virus was actually sneaking into the country with people from all kinds of other countries.
“And the most notable there is Great Britain. So it looks like the virus had a fairly wide spread in Great Britain very, very early in this epidemic.”
Prof Stefansson added that countries like the UK and the USA were not cautious enough from the beginning of the pandemic, referring to Iceland’s action of mass testing.
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Iceland has tested a higher percentage of the population than any other country.
Some 45,000 people have ben tested in a country of 460,000 inhabitants.
deCODE is helping the health services with testing efforts, with both infected and healthy people.
Dr Stefansson said testing is the only way to find out the extent of the spread in the community.
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After it was suggested that it is easier for a small nation to test and tackle the virus, he replied: “Yes, there may be fewer of us but countries like the United Kingdom and the United States have much, much more resources than we do.
“It is all just a question of using what you have. They weren’t vigilant enough. They didn’t react to this early enough.
“You know, the countries that taught us the methods that we are using, in doing this in a place like Iceland, they didn’t use it themselves. And that is tragic.”
deCODE is also examining blood from volunteers to test for antibodies to fight the virus.
Dr Stefansson said it is interesting how different people respond to the virus.
“There are those who describe this as a mild cold,” he said.
“There are those who end up in the intensive care unit on a respirator. And there is everything in between.
“We know that women have less tendency to get infected than men. And if they get infected, they don’t get as sick as men. What is it that generates this clinical diversity?”
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